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The Difference Between Education and Training

--by Rachel Naomi Remen (Oct 13, 2014)


For me, the process of education is intimately related to the process of healing. The root word of education -- educare -- means to lead forth a hidden wholeness in another person. A genuine education fosters self-knowledge, self-trust, creativity and the full expression of one’s unique identity. It gives people the courage to be more. Yet over the years so many health professionals have told me that they feel personally wounded by their experience of professional school and profoundly diminished by it. This was my experience as well.

It has made me wonder. Perhaps what we have all experienced is not an education at all but a training, which is something quite different. Certainly in medicine the training dimension of schooling has become more and more central and assumed a greater importance as the many techniques of the scientific approach have been developed. The goal of a training is competence and replicability. Uniqueness is often discouraged and may even be viewed as dangerous.

A training is all about the right way and the wrong way to do everything. In a training your own way of doing something can often become irrelevant. In such a milieu students often experience their learning as a constant struggle to be good enough. Training creates a culture of relentless evaluation and judgment. In response students try to become someone different than who they are.

At the end of the Healer’s Art teachings, the students stand in a large circle, silently review their memories of the course and identify the most important thing that they learned or remembered during the course. They then turn this insight into an affirmation: a little phrase which begins in one of three ways: I am ... I can ... or I will. One at a time, the students go around the circle each saying their phrase out loud. This year will be the 24th year that I have taught the course at my medical school. The most common thing that students say in this sharing is a simple three-word phase: I AM ENOUGH. Year after year it is the same phrase I myself say as well. It is the beginning of everything.

In Medicine, training is essential to technical competence. The real question is, is training good enough?
[...]

My dream of medicine was not to become competent. My dream was to become a friend to life. It was that dream that enabled me to endure the relentless pursuit of competency required of me. But competence did not fulfill me then and could not have fulfilled me for my medical lifetime. Only a dream can do that.

From Rachel Naomi Remen's post on FB. ‚ÄčRachel Naomi Remen is a pioneer of Relationship Centered Care and Integrative Medicine. Her groundbreaking curriculumn, the Healer’s Art is now taught yearly in more than half of American medical schools and in medical schools in seven countries abroad.

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13 Previous Reflections:

 
On Jan 6, 2015 Vibha wrote:

 Very useful article. To me education is trusting that the wisdom is in every student and teacher's role is to create nurturing conditions for that wisdom to unfold. Whereas training is like,"I know something that you do not and I am here to tell you". This difference becomes clear to me in my role a 'facilitator' and not as a 'trainer' in various group gatherings that I facilitate, irrespective of the subject matter. 



On Oct 17, 2014 H K Solanki wrote:

 Education is filling an empty glass and training is filling the half-filled or over-filled or glasses filled with contaminated water. Training works on margins and gaps and education works on vacuums.  



On Oct 14, 2014 reet mohinder wrote:

 l
Education is information  facts  figures  already existing and availble  in this  world  in form of knowledge  guidance   experience  wher  as training is   coaching is focused   guidles  to perform a activity .
education is tool  to discover  and know  oneself  wher as  training is  wrking instructios to  achievea   particular  desired result  



On Oct 14, 2014 david doane wrote:

 Education means to lead out, to guide.  To me, education is to lead out of darkness into the light, or out of ignorance into awareness.  Training means directing someone to perform in a particular way.  Leading and guiding are different than telling and directing.  Education (leading out) is a process of allowing, nurturing, and facilitating an unfolding that is emerging from within a person; training (directing) is a process of instruction from the outside telling someone what to do.  Education begins with the learner.  Training begins with the trainer.  They both have a place.  They can work together.  They often cycle, that is, some education and then some training etc.  For instance, an interest in automotive repair may emerge from inside and be lead out and fostered, which I think of as education, and at some point the individual is likely to be directed as to how he's supposed to do it, which is training.  In childbirt  See full.

 Education means to lead out, to guide.  To me, education is to lead out of darkness into the light, or out of ignorance into awareness.  Training means directing someone to perform in a particular way.  Leading and guiding are different than telling and directing.  Education (leading out) is a process of allowing, nurturing, and facilitating an unfolding that is emerging from within a person; training (directing) is a process of instruction from the outside telling someone what to do.  Education begins with the learner.  Training begins with the trainer.  They both have a place.  They can work together.  They often cycle, that is, some education and then some training etc.  For instance, an interest in automotive repair may emerge from inside and be lead out and fostered, which I think of as education, and at some point the individual is likely to be directed as to how he's supposed to do it, which is training.  In childbirth, an obstetrician may lead and guide a baby out into the light, and may also direct and tell the mother what to do.  The difference became clear to me in the process of going to school, where both experiences happened, often times education on my own and training in the classroom.  My 'dream' is to focus on and trust process, and not focus on and try to control outcome; to perform impeccably and hope for the best outcome (or leave the outcome up to God).  That's my dream.  The relentless pursuit  of competency in my dream is competency in staying with the process.

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On Oct 13, 2014 Michell Armeanu wrote:

 In my training to be a directoress or guide in a Montessori preschool classroom, we learned that we don't teach the children, we guide them to make discoveries. We spent as many hours in our training classroom making discoveries with the Montessori materials as we did in lecture, as a requirement, so that we could understand what it means to guide rather than teach. This was the first time I received an education, my mind was opened and I made as many discoveries about myself as I did about Montessori and children that year. More importantly, what was begun that year continued to grow. When I was in my first classroom guiding children to their own discoveries I first had to overcome something, these young people had already come to depend on being told what to do and how, they were only 3-6 years old but they insisted that I tell them what to do nearly each step of the day. A Montessori classroom is child driven, but only If the children are free to choo  See full.

 In my training to be a directoress or guide in a Montessori preschool classroom, we learned that we don't teach the children, we guide them to make discoveries. We spent as many hours in our training classroom making discoveries with the Montessori materials as we did in lecture, as a requirement, so that we could understand what it means to guide rather than teach. This was the first time I received an education, my mind was opened and I made as many discoveries about myself as I did about Montessori and children that year. More importantly, what was begun that year continued to grow. When I was in my first classroom guiding children to their own discoveries I first had to overcome something, these young people had already come to depend on being told what to do and how, they were only 3-6 years old but they insisted that I tell them what to do nearly each step of the day. A Montessori classroom is child driven, but only If the children are free to choose, move and discover. As I helped the children become reacquainted with freedom, I recognized all the ways I wasn't allowing freedom and discovery in my life. It has been many years but I'm still learning to be comfortable with freedom. Though I no longer work in a classroom the education I received in Montessori Teacher Training is still quite relevant. An education is alive and continues long past the time with the teacher, professor or school.

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On Oct 13, 2014 richa wrote:

 We train kids for invention and innovation careers which are the highest paying in the market.
We are in the process of creating a revolution in the world of education with  innovation making every kid maximize on the inner potential 
We are opening space exploration schools in India in 2017 to promote invention ,innovation and scientific creativity in kids for an entrepreneurship career in life.
http://www.happylearningcenter.in/



On Oct 13, 2014 Jyoti wrote:

The purpose of education is to let you discover your own heart's drumbeat so you can march to it. Sadly, like the healthcare system, the education system too has stifled individual creativity in favor of conformity, and too many people get trained to do what they were never meant to, and then slavishly stay with it as it 'pays the bills'. I like the message "I AM ENOUGH". I'd like to add "I HAVE ENOUGH" to stop the compensatory over-consumption all around,



On Oct 10, 2014 Kristin Pedemonti wrote:

As a Storyteller who facilitates workshops I resonate very much with this post. The difference between how you describe education and training came clear to me in Belize where I coordinated a volunteer literacy program. As I became more and more open to a dual learning, ie. students as teachers, teachers as students, I noticed a much deeper impact of the program over time. It is understandable why; locals felt heard, valued and understood and thus their participation became greater. We ALL learned and it was wonderful and mind expanding.
The dream of connecting and understanding one another drives me to continue in pursuing competency.
Here's to learning from each other.



On Oct 10, 2014 Jagdish P Dave wrote:

 During my long term as a learner, more than 30 years as a school learner- and the rest 60 years of out of school informal and life learner and as an educator, I have come to realize that formal school learning was primarily training combined with educating. I learned theories of learning and healing, principles of designing and creating curriculum, methods of instruction and counseling, testing and evaluating and doing research in the field of teaching and counseling. Yes. I gained knowledge, mostly information, learned skills required to learn and practice.During these years of schooling, I did have some inner growth promoting and reaching out transpersonal experiences. So it was not all just training. I had wholesome educational experiences from teachers who were not only interested in dolling out information like from mug to jug, but were teaching from their heart with passion, compassion and dedication. I also was blessed&nbs  See full.

 During my long term as a learner, more than 30 years as a school learner- and the rest 60 years of out of school informal and life learner and as an educator, I have come to realize that formal school learning was primarily training combined with educating. I learned theories of learning and healing, principles of designing and creating curriculum, methods of instruction and counseling, testing and evaluating and doing research in the field of teaching and counseling. Yes. I gained knowledge, mostly information, learned skills required to learn and practice.During these years of schooling, I did have some inner growth promoting and reaching out transpersonal experiences. So it was not all just training. I had wholesome educational experiences from teachers who were not only interested in dolling out information like from mug to jug, but were teaching from their heart with passion, compassion and dedication. I also was blessed to have friends and families who inculcated values of compassion, kindness, and serving others. I believe in creating harmony between head, heart and hands in working as an educator, counselor and a consultant. I wish our educational institutions including our well known ivy schools have a balance between head and heart, taking care of oneself and others, serving oneself and others,cooperation and collaboration, passion and compassion.

Jagdish P Dave

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